Electoral protests in Iran

According to a report published by the French newspaper Libération, on the afternoon of the poll, at around 5 pm, Basij militiamen took control of the totalization terminals of the Interior Ministry, expelling the employees who worked there. A ministry official warned the reformers and reported the election results, which would have been in favor of Moussavi, with just over 19 million votes (out of a total of 42 million).

The runner-up would have been the reformist cleric Mehdi Karroubi, with more than 13 million. Ahmadinejad would have been in third place, with just under 6 million votes, and the fourth candidate, Mohsen Rezaï, in last place, with just under 4 million votes. Warned that he would have won the election, Moussavi immediately proclaimed himself victorious, being quickly disproved by Ahmadinejad and the Supreme Leader, Ali Khamenei.

According to the same report

the ministry official was reportedly arrested the following day. Bassijs would also have made part of the ballot boxes disappear, which explains why the results by city and region were not released. The official IRNA agency reportedly replaced the missing results with numbers “out of the hat”, even claiming that Moussavi,

  • Karoubi and Rezai had been defeated in their own cities. [22] On June 22 (local time), the Council of Guardians he admitted that in the June 12 elections
  • there were irregularities in the voting, according to information on the website of the state television channel “Press
  • TV”. The Council recognized that, in 50 cities, the number of votes was greater than the number of registered voters, which means more than 3 million votes.

[23] According to the Council, the irregularities were found among the 170 cities indicated by candidate Mohsen Rezai as problematic. Among the evidence of fraud, experts point to the fact that Ahmadinejad always appears with twice the votes of Mousavi, in the partial results of the counting – when there is usually variation, thanks to different trends from different regions of the country.

In addition, in just 12 hours, 39.2 million ballots were counted manually, when in the past elections, with less participation, the time was at least twice as long. The admission of these indications opens the way for the investigation of the 646 irregularities pointed out by the three defeated candidates and means a turnaround in the country’s political situation, with the

Strengthening of Mousavi’s position

Protests See main article:  in 2009 started on June 13, when the final result was announced. Hundreds of people, many sporting symbols of Mousavi’s “green movement”, protested the outcome of the election, on the streets of Tehran and other cities in the country. Screaming “The government lies to the people” and “Where’s my vote ?,” set fire to tires, blocked roads and there were clashes with the police.

According to the result released by the electoral commission, Mousavi would have lost even on his own district, despite the huge number of followers it attracted during the campaign. Ahmadinejad denied the allegations of electoral fraud, as did Iran’s Supreme Leader, Ayatollah Ali Khamenei, who asked the people to unite around Ahmadinejad and declared that the result of the election expressed a “divine judgment”. [25]

Mir Hossein Mousavi made a formal request for the annulment of the election results, which he said were marked by irregularities. Protest demonstrations continued for about ten days. There were also marches in favor of Ahmadinejad’s re-election, which brought together tens of thousands of people. Clashes occurred between supporters of Ahmadinejad and Mousavi on the main streets of Tehran. There were fires, broken glass in the street and clashes between popular and police.

Iran’s supreme leader

On June 15,  Ayatollah Ali Khamenei, despite his previous pronouncement, ordered the Guardian Council to investigate the allegations made by Mir Hossein Mousavi, on the occurrence of fraud in the presidential election. Iranian authorities have prohibited foreign journalists from covering the demonstrations or any event outside the program of the Ministry of Culture and Islamic Guidance.

  • The country’s leading state-controlled cell phone operator was down in the capital. [26] Given that traditional media outlets were restricted, news of the movement is
  • transmitted to the rest of the world via the Internet, especially through Twitter, Facebook and other social networks. The
  • topic #iranelection records more than 220,000 tweets per hour. [27] [28] According to one witness, Mussavi, in a speech to supporters in southwest Tehran,

called for a national strike to be triggered if he is arrested. [29] The demonstrations resulted in at least 20 people killed and more than 100 injured. [30] International repercussionMap highlighting the reaction of countries Ifrog Countries that recognized the outcome of the elections Arab League members that did not express a public opinion about the results Countries that did not recognize the result of the elections

Members of the European Union that did not express a public opinion about the resultsThe Czech presidency of the European Union declared itself “concerned about the alleged irregularities during the electoral process and the violence that exploded immediately after the official results were published”. The elections in Iran do not have foreign observers.

The EU presidency further stated that “he hopes that the outcome of the presidential elections will be an opportunity to reestablish the dialogue on the nuclear issue and to clarify the Iranian position on this issue” .The Prime Minister of France, Bernard Kouchner, criticized the “somewhat brutal” reaction against the protesters.

 

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