Source: Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Jump to navigation Jump to search IRNA reported Mahmoud Ahmadinejad’s victory in the first round with 62.63% …… and the defeat of Mir Hussein Mussavi, with 33.75% of the vote. Iran’s tenth presidential election was held on June 12, 2009. Four candidates approved by the Council of Guardians of the Constitution participated:
Mohsen Rezaei (Independent), Mehdi Karroubi (Etemad- e-Melli), Mir Hussein Mussavi (Reformist Front) and current Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad (Abadgaran).  The main dispute for the presidential post unfolded between the conservative president and the conservative reformer Mussavi. They were the first elections in which candidates participated in a live television debate.
The president of Iran
is the country’s highest elective office, however, its incumbent has no power over foreign policymaking nor is he the chief. of the armed forces. Candidates for the presidency of the country must be approved by the Council of Guardians, a body of twelve members – six clergy, selected by the Supreme Guide of Iran (the ayatollah), and six jurists, proposed by the head of the judiciary and approved by the Iranian parliament. .
-   The 85% turnout was an absolute record.  With 62.6% of the vote in the first round, the Iranian Election Commission declared
- Mahmoud Ahmadinejad the winner of the election on 13 June.  After the results were announced, Mussavi
- refused to acknowledge Ahmadinejad’s official victory and thousands of supporters of the main opposition candidate took to the streets to protest in the capital Tehran and other Iranian cities.
 During the demonstrations, which took place on different days, there were clashes between protesters and Iranian security forces that resulted, according to official figures, in at least 20 deaths.  Members of some opposition parties were also arrested. The protests over the 2009 election were one of the most intense since the 1979 Iranian Revolution, which overthrew Shah Reza Pahlevi’s dictatorship.  Ayatollah
Ali Khamenei rejected allegations of fraud and demanded that the opposition acknowledge the official result.  The European Union and several western countries have expressed concern about alleged irregularities in the investigation, and some analysts and journalists from the United States and Europe have raised doubts on the authenticity of the results.  However, many member states of the
Organization of the Islamic Conference
as well as Russia, China, India and Brazil have recognized the Ahmadinejad victory as legitimate. Contents1 The campaign2 Election results3 Protests4 International repercussions5 References6 See alsoThe campaignMousavi in speech on 19 May 2009.During the campaign, Mahmoud Ahmadinejad was a favorite in the countryside and had the support of more conservative sectors, such as the Army and the Revolutionary Guard.
Mir Hossein Mousavi, the reformist candidate, managed to attract mainly young people, women and the urban population. A few days before the election, on June 1, Mousavi’s campaign committee in Qom, 156 km southwest of Tehran, was wholesale. No group claimed responsibility for the attack. At the same time, there were reports of an attempted assassination of former reformist president Mohammad Khatami (1997-2005).
- A bomb was reportedly placed on the plane Khatami was traveling on.  Supporters of Mussavi on June 9, three days before the vote. For the first time,
- debates between candidates were televised in Iran. Between June 2 and 8, all in the evenings, the candidates faced each other, two by two, for approximately an
- hour and a half. In the June 3 debate, Mussavi and Ahmadinejad exchanged accusations in front of an audience of more than 40 million people.
It was strange, therefore, that the investigations were completed in a few hours, when in the previous election it took several days before the winner was known. Ali Akbar Mohtashami-Pur, former Iranian interior minister, who participated in the committee of Mousavi in monitoring the election said that the number of votes counted in 70 municipalities was greater than the number of voters reported by the official census. In all of these cities, Ahmadinejad had between 80% and 90% of the vote.  The independent conservative candidate, Mohsen Rezaei, said he had evidence that at least 900,000 Iranians – based on ID cards – would have voted for him.
Mussavi said the president lied
Iranian ConstitutionView also: Iran’s Judicial System Total 39,165.191100,00% The specialist in modern history of the Middle East and South Asia, Juan Cole, of the University of Michigan, points out some anomalies in the results of the elections. For example: Ahmadinejad won in the city of Tabriz, the capital of the native province of Mousavi, East Azerbaijan, with 57% of the votes. Ahmadinejad also won in Tehran, with more than 50% of the votes, although his popularity in the larger cities is considered low.
about economic data to hide inflation and incompetence to manage the country. Ahmadinejad criticized the opponent’s allies – such as former presidents Mohammad Khatami (1997-2005) and Akbar Rafsanjani (1989-1997), who accused him of corruption and illicit enrichment. Rafsanjani is the current leader of the Discernment Council and Assembly of
- Experts, in addition to being considered the richest man in the country. Many Iranians believe the
- accusations may be true, but from the way they were made by Ahmadinejad, they caused a scandal.
-  Mussavi, for his part, accused Ahmadinejad of isolating the country internationally, by denying the Jews’ holocaust.
All competitors, however, agreed to maintain the Iranian nuclear program for energy production purposes. On June 9, Rafsanjani responded to Ahmadinejad’s accusations with an open letter to the Supreme Leader, Ayatollah Ali Khamenei, asking him to censor Ahmadinejad for the “unfounded and irresponsible” comments made during the debate.   Election resultsThe ultra-conservative
Ahmadinejad won the victory in the first round, obtaining about 2/3 of the votes, followed by far by the second placed, the reformer Mir Hossein Moussavi. The other two candidates – independent conservative Mohsen Rezaei and reformist cleric Mehdi Karubi of the Etemad-e-Melli (National Trust Party) – had a minor vote.IranEmblem of Iran.svgThis article is part of the series: Politics and government of Iran